Chronologia i planigrafia cmentarzyska (Chronology)
by Małgorzata Cieślak-Kopyt 1
1 – Muzeum im. Jacka Malczewskiego w Radomiu
In: M. Cieślak-Kopyt, D. Pogodzińska 2020. Żelazna Nowa, stanowisko 2. Cmentarzysko kultury przeworskiej z Zapilcza na południowym Mazowszu, Ocalone Dziedzictwo Archeologiczne 10, Radom – Pękowice: Muzeum im. J. Malczewskiego w Radomiu, Wydawnictwo Profil-Archeo, p. 89.
Abstract: The excavations (which encompassed 6.2 ares) and surface surveys carried out to date allow the chronology of the cemetery to be determined as spanning from phases A3 of the Younger Pre-Roman period to phase C1b/C2 of the Roman period. The cemetery in Żelazna Nowa was established in phase A3 and remained in uninterrupted use until phase C1b (C2?). Due to significant damage and the small number of artefacts being good chronological indicators, only some of the graves could be dated. The earliest phase is represented by a small group of graves discovered in the north-western part of the site and dated to phase A3. Their chronology was determined based on ceramic vessels, three N brooches. Phase B1 is well-discernible in the materials, especially in the north-western part of the necropolis. A concentration of interesting artefacts, including imports, was found in this area during surface surveys: two brass brooches of the A.67a type, two decorative figure-of-eight fittings made from lead brass, and a brass bracelet of the Kamieńczyk type. Phase B2 is the most well-represented phase in the site. Burials from that phase occupy the central part of the explored area, and they include the quadrangular groove feature with three graves and a number of other graves, mainly urned cremations, discovered over a small area. The late phase of the necropolis is only discernible in uncontexted finds: fragments of wheel-made vessels and two bows of tendril brooches.