‘Foreign’ markers in Černotín type hoards. A contribution to the discussion of the phenomenon of “culture shock” in Central Europe in the Late Bronze Age
1 – Institute of Archaeology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland
In: M. S. Przybyła, K. Dzięgielewski (eds.), Chasing Bronze Age rainbows. Studies on hoards and related phenomena in prehistoric Europe in honour of Wojciech Blajer, Prace Archeologiczne 69, Kraków: Institute of Archaeology, Jagiellonian University / Profil-Archeo, 2019, pp. 67-132.
Abstract: Beginning from archaeological sources, the author attempts to identify the phenomenon of “culture shock”. Symptoms of such shock show up in the late Urnfields milieu, especially to the north-west of the Carpathian Basin, as a result of contact between the local populations and nomads arriving from the Pontic area in Ha B2. The unexpected arrival and contact with these culturally foreign and militarily aggressive steppe people resulted in social tensions and increased religiousness. This manifested itself, among others, in the burial of hoards of the Černotín type, which included material attributes of the „foreigners” (weapons and horse tack items), and in the making of human sacrifices.
Key words: Late Bronze Age, Central Europe, nomads, “culture shock”, hoards